This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http: Biogenetic explanations and public acceptance of mental illness: Ancient Egypt The first mental disorder attributable to women, and for which we find an accurate description since the second millennium BC, is undoubtedly hysteria.
The Quest for Development in the Eighteenth-Century Kingdom of Naples In recent years, a good deal of scholarship on pre-industrial economies has been for- mulated by adopting or at least partially appropriating theoretical assumptions of the scholarly tradition founded by Douglass C.
Through an archive-based analysis of the reforms of the judicial and the customs system, we argue that economic and political power asymmetries between different states can affect institutional configurations within individual states.
By focusing on the relations between institutions, entrepreneurial behaviour, eco- nomic performance and — in some cases — culture, NIE has catalysed an important wave of theory-based empirical inquiries on the early modern emergence of north- western Europe as the leading region within a progressively globalised economy.
A new version of this outline has been proposed by Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson in Why Nations Fail, a multiple award-winning book that has been translated into more than twenty languages, stimulating lively debates among scholars and — even more remarkably — in the broader public sphere.
Robinson, Why Nations Fail. Journal of Interdisciplinary History York Epstein, Freedom and 3 D. Journal of Political Economy eds. Virtues of Strong States? American Eco- Rise of Europe.
Dincecco, Political Transformations and Public nomic Review 95— Europe, —Cambridge With regard to the question of why international trade apparently did not foster favourable institutional innovations in Latin Europe, for example, the answer provided by the grand narrative of NIE is tautologically homogeneous: North has distinguished two mod- els that developed in response to the iscal crisis of the seventeenth century: Another important contribution to neo-institutional scholarship is represented by the work of Avner Greif, who has produced a considerable theoretical reinement of NIE over the last twenty years,14 fuelling intense debates about formal and informal mechanisms adopted by merchants to enforce contracts.
Enlarging the semantic ield of the 8 P. New York Review of Books, 7.
Bosk- Inclusive Institutions and Pluralistic Politics? Economic History Review 65 974 — Greif, Institutions and the Path to the Modern reply-to-acemoglu-and-robinsons-response-to-my- Economy.
Notably, the term emerged in nineteenth-century German scholarly litera- ture to describe a speciic stage of European state-building processes, leading from composite monarchies to modern representative states. On this semantic shift cf. Business World, Cambridgewho has shown G.
Journal multi-religious Fatimid networks and also had ac- of Economic Literature 45— A Historical and Theoretical Relection on criticised by F. International Competition lenged by J.
The bridge, MA— Economic His- 19 N. For an overview on the debate see in: Economic History Review 65— 69; L. And although many others still use the term, the structural incongruities between monarchic aims and self-representa- tions on the one hand, and the actual implementation of absolutist structures on the other, as well as the largely negotiated exercise of political power, are widely acknowl- edged among historians.
And comparing state formations from distinct cultural areas can be extremely fruitful. Yet if this is the aim, then the actual features of individual historical states need to be taken seriously. The question of to what extent states such as eighteenth-century France where the king was confronted with strong competing powers such as a hereditary nobility and the Church, where political oices were put up for sale and where the monarchy tried to implement confessional homogeneitythe Ottoman empire with its formalised religious pluralism, granting vast autonomy to non-Muslim communitiesMing China where no hereditary nobility and no structure resembling the Church existed and where the state was managed by a bureaucracy based on meritocratic co-optationthe pre-colonial Kingdom of Kongo where there was no bureaucracy operating through written communicationand the Tokugawa shogunate with its weak emperor and its strong feudal daimyo 21 can be ana- lysed through a single concept merits some discussion.chemical governance and the dutch salt police During the first decades of the nineteenth century, the landscape of practices centering on the circulation of salts fed into governmental policies on a national scale in the newly unified Netherlands.
The Evolution Of The Socio Political Milieu During The Colonial Period The girls of the American colonies were educated in order to grow and become fitting wives. After a woman's homemaker education, she was ready for courtship. The most powerful kingdom of Kerala during the colonial period, Travancore, S.
Political evolution in Kerala: Travancore (New There is a wealth of sources detailing the history, socio-political environment and cultural practices of ancient Tamilakam, including volumes of literature, tamilakams history is split into three.
"The Ackia and Ogoula Tchetoka Chickasaw Village Locations in During the French-Chickasaw War." Mississippi "The Catholic Church in Mississippi During Colonial Times." Publications of the Marius M., Jr.
"Mount Locust Plantation: The Development of Southwest Mississippi during the Frontier Period, ". Religious ideation and capital practice: a study of the Florida legislature. Harry Coverston. Encyclopedia of regardbouddhiste.com For Later.
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The purpose of Encyclopedia of Antislavery and Abolition is to detail as There were some discipline problems during the two-month tran- sition period. in particular to a small group of missionaries continued to protect African and Coloured people. Louis.