Demea argues that theology should only be taught to a mature mind:
The information and evidence that we have about the natural world, Cleanthes insists, enable us to infer both the existence and nature of a deity.
Look at the world, Cleanthes declares, and you will see that it is nothing but one vast machine, subdivided into smaller machines. All the parts are adjusted to one another, so that the whole vast complex functions harmoniously.
The adaptation of means to ends through all of nature exactly resembles the adaptation that results from human design and intelligence.
Because natural objects and human artifacts resemble one another, we infer by analogy that the causes of them must also resemble one another. Hence the author of nature must be similar to the mind of man, though he must have greater faculties because his production is greater.
Philo proceeds to criticize the argument from design by pointing out first that the analogy is not a good one.
The universe is unlike a human-made object, such as a machine or a house. Also, we discover causes only from our experience: We have never seen a universe being produced, so we cannot judge if it is made analogously to human productions.
We have perceived many causal processes other than human design, processes such as growth and attraction. For all that we can tell from our experience, any of these may be the cause of the natural world. Cleanthes insists, in part 3, that the similarity of the works of nature to the works of human art is The entire section is words.
Unlock This Study Guide Now Start your hour free trial to unlock this page Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion study guide and get instant access to the following: Analysis 4 Homework Help Questions with Expert Answers You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides andHomework Help questions answered by our experts.A Short Guide for Reading David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion () General Background and Biography David Hume was one of the most significant philosophers of the eighteenth century, and scores of book and articles have been written about him and his work.
Hume begins Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion with a letter from Pamphillus, a young man who was a spectator at the discussion, to his friend Hermippus.
Pamphillus explains that the dialogue. An Outline of David Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion - 1 An outline of David Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion By J.
Alexander Rutherford I. Introduction Part one sets the roles, relationships, and begins the discussion with a consideration. David Hume Dialogues on Natural Religion Page 1/55 David Hume Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (This text of Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion is a corrected version of the most of their instruction in the form of dialogue.
I just finished reading Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion by David Hume. What a magnificent piece of philosophical inquiry! Considering the time it was written, this short book offers an impressive and accessible survey of its subject/5.
Summary. In Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Hume explores whether religious belief can be rational. Because Hume is an empiricist (i.e. someone who thinks that all knowledge comes through experience), he thinks that a belief is rational only if it is sufficiently supported by experiential evidence.