In addition, he is also a divine trickster, and the god of roads, flocks, commerce, and thieves. Hermes was the only Olympian capable of crossing the border between the living and the dead.
NB Click on thumbnails to view full-size images. II Other Classical Depictions of Hermes Hermes was also depicted in classical statues, "hermae", stone reliefs, frescoes and coins.
Though he was laid out in swaddling-clothes with her winnowing-basket for a cradle, he escaped and made his way to Pieria, where he stole some cattle that Apollon was tending. To keep from being discovered by the tracks, he put boots on their feet and led them to Pylos. He hid them in a grotto, except for two which he sacrificed, pinning up their hides on rocks, boiling some of the meat for his meal and burning the rest.
Outside the cave he found a tortoise feeding.
He cleaned it out, and stretched across the shell strings made from the cattle he had sacrificed, and when he had thus devised a lyre he also invented a plectrum. Meanwhile Apollon reached Pylos in his search for the cattle, and asked the locals about them.
They told him that they had indeed seen a boy driving some cattle, but they could not say where they had been driven because there were no tracks to be found. So Apollon learned who the thief was by divine science, and made his way to Maia on Kyllene to charge Hermes.
Maia, however, showed Apollon the baby in his swaddling-clothes, whereupon Apollon took him to Zeus and demanded his cattle. When Zeus told Hermes to return them, he denied everything, but since his father would not believe him, he led Apollon to Pylos and gave him back his cattle.
Then, when Apollon heard the lyre, he exchanged the cattle for that. Covetous also of this, Apollon offered him the golden staff which he held when he herded cattle.
But Hermes wanted both the staff and proficiency in the art of prophecy in return for the pipe. So he was taught how to prophesy by means of pebbles, and gave Apollon the pipe.
And Zeus made Hermes his personal herald and messenger of the gods beneath the earth. ApollodorusThe Library 3. Now this Battos used to live on the top of the rock and when he heard the voice of the heifers as they were being driven past, he came out from his own place, and knew that the cattle were stolen.
So he asked for a reward to tell no one about them. Hermes promised to give it him on these terms, and Battos swore to say nothing to anyone about the cattle. But when Hermes had hidden them in the cliff by Koryphasion, and had driven them into a cave facing towards Italia and Sikelia, he changed himself and came again to Battos and tried whether he would be true to him as he had vowed.
So, offering him a robe as a reward, he asked of him whether he had noticed stolen cattle being driven past. And Battos took the robe and told him about the cattle. But Hermes was angry because he was double-tongued, and struck him with his staff and changed him into a rock.
And either frost or heat never leaves him. When Hera discovered them, Zeus touched the girl, changed her into a white cow, and swore that he hand not had sex with herHermes (/ ˈ h ɜːr m iː z /; Greek: Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, and the second youngest of the Olympian gods (Dionysus being the youngest).
Later in life Hermes became a god adored by all humans, good or bad. Hermes was named the god of shepherds, arithmetic, mathematics, roads and thieves. Hermes was cunning, smart and clever and was skilled enough to fly . Herm, in Greek religion, sacred object of stone connected with the cult of Hermes, the fertility god.
According to some scholars, Hermes ’ name may be derived from the word herma (Greek: “stone,” or “rock,” such as a boundary or landmark). Hermes (Roman name: Mercury) was the ancient Greek god of trade, wealth, luck, fertility, animal husbandry, sleep, language, thieves, and travel.
One of the cleverest and most mischievous of the Olympian gods, he was also their herald and messenger. Hermes, Athenian red-figure lekythos C5th B.C., Metropolitan Museum of Art HERMES was the Olympian god of herds and flocks, travellers and hospitality, roads and trade, thievery and cunning, heralds and diplomacy, language and writing, athletic contests and .
Hermes/Mercury is Zeus' messenger, God of Commerce and Market, God of Thieves, and also the guide of the dead. According to legend, Hermes was born in a cave on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia. Zeus had impregnated Maia at the dead of night while all other gods slept.