See Article History Alternative Titles: Athene, Pallas Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religionthe city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva.
Her Roman name is Minerva. She was a child of Zeus and Metis TitanessZeus' first wife, Athena greek mythology was born fully grown, springing out of Zeus' head, after Zeus swallowed his wife who was heavily pregnant with Athena at the time, wearing full battle armor. She taught humans skills such as weaving, sewing, farming, and metalwork.
Her symbols are the olive branch and the owl.
Athena rules over the capital of Greece, Athens. The city name of Athens comes from the goddess' name.
Athena was also present at the birth of Artemis and Apollo. Being the father, Zeus learned that Metis' children would overthrow him like he had overthrown his father. Afraid of this, he swallowed Metis. Zeus had a splitting headache, and asked the god of forge and fire, Hephaistosto cut open his skull.
Smashing Zeus' head with his mighty ax, Hephaistos split Zeus' skull, and out sprung Athena, dressed in full battle armor.
Pallas was one of the only naiads who matched the war goddess's strength and skill. The two were having a friendly sparring match. As Pallas was about to strike the goddess, Zeus shielded Athena with the Aegis, surprising the naiad. Athena accidentally killed Pallas. Athena, grieving for her friend, carved a statue with the countenance of Pallas, and placed it in her sacred temple.
This statue became known as the palladion. Athena then took her lost friend's name, and was then on known as Pallas Athena. Rivalry With Poseidon Athena had a rivalry with Poseidon. Her rivalry with Poseidon started with Athens. They both wanted to be patron of the city, and thus gave gifts.
A saltwater fountain was Poseidon's gift, while the olive tree was from Athena. They chose the olive tree due to its usefulness. Not long after, an earthquake hit Athens, destroying all olive trees in the area.
Her rivalry with Poseidon continues when Athena caught lovers Poseidon and Medusa showing affection in her own temple. That sort of behavior is a big sign of disrespect so Athena turned Medusa so hideous that no one could or would ever look at her again.
Poseidon exacted retribution from Athena by massacring several Athenians, until they built an Acropolis, honoring Athena and Poseidon. Thus Athena was officially the patron goddess of Athens, unofficially, it belonged to Poseidon as well. Not long afterward, Theseus, a son of Poseidon became King of Athens.
Arachne Arachne was known for her skills in weaving. Arachne was known far and wide for weaving great and splendid rugs. She was taught by Athena, but claimed to have not and to be much better than she.
Athena had favored her, and needed to know herself if this boasting was real. She disguised herself as an old woman, and asked her. As soon as Arachne boasted, she transformed back to her normal form.
Athena challenged Arachne to a weaving contest. They had both woven gorgeous rugs, but Athena's was better. Arachne's had a controversial picture of the Olympians on it, and Athena turned her into a spider so she would weave forever.
Determined to maintain her virginity, Athena fled, pursued by Hephaestus.
He caught Athena and tried to rape her, but she fought him off. During the struggle, his semen fell on her thigh, and Athena, in disgust, wiped it away with a scrap of wool and flung it to the earth.Greek mythology is based on legends, so there are many versions of Greek mythology and not all of the stories agree with one another.
Athena was the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom and good counsel, war, the defence of towns, heroic endeavour, weaving, pottery and various other crafts. She was depicted as a stately woman armed with a shield and spear, and wearing a long robe, crested helm, and the famed aegis--a snake-trimmed cape adorned with the monstrous visage of the Gorgon Medusa.
Athena, Athenian red-figure lekythos C5th B.C., Museum of Fine Arts Boston ATHENE (Athena) was the Olympian goddess of wisdom and good counsel, war, the defence of towns, heroic endeavour, weaving, pottery and various other crafts. In Greek mythology Python was the earth-dragon of Delphi, always represented in the vase-paintings and by sculptors as a regardbouddhiste.coms myths represented Python as being either male or female (a drakaina).Python was the chthonic enemy of Apollo, who slew it and remade its former home his own oracle, the most famous in Greece.
Greek Mythology Link - a collection of myths retold by Carlos Parada, author of Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology. Athena (Minerva) – Greek Goddess of Wisdom and War.
She was an Olympian Goddess and the daughter of Zeus and Metis.