Back to the horrors of the Great War. Any student of anything knows that you have to start with the basics. Keegan is a prolific and well respected author, highly-educated and learned yet fairly accessible.
In the same article, on page 32, the term "World War II" was first used speculatively to describe the upcoming war. The first use for the actual war came in its issue of September 11, Other languages have also adopted the "world war" terminology, for example; in French: Weltkrieg which, prior to the war, had been used in the more abstract First world war of a global conflictin Italian: First World War[ edit ] Main article: World War I It occurred from to and in terms of human technological historythe scale of World War I was enabled by the technological advances of the second industrial revolution and the resulting globalization that allowed global power projection and mass production of military hardware.
Wars on such a scale have not been repeated since the onset of the Atomic Age and the resulting danger of mutually-assured destruction. It had been recognized that the complex system of opposing alliances the GermanAustro-Hungarianand Ottoman Empires against the BritishRussianand French Empires was likely to lead to a worldwide conflict if a war broke out.
Due to this fact, a very minute conflict between two countries had the potential to set off a domino effect of alliances, triggering a world war. War crimes were perpetrated in World War I. Chemical weapons were used in the First World War despite the Hague Conventions of and having outlawed the use of such weapons in warfare.
Second World War[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
September Learn how and when to remove this template message The Second World War occurred from to and is the only conflict in which atomic bombs have been used.
Hiroshima and Nagasakiin Japanwere devastated by atomic bombs dropped by the United States. Nazi Germany was responsible for genocidesmost notably the Holocaustthe killing of six million Jews.
The United Statesthe Soviet Unionand Canada deported and interned minority groups within their own borders, and largely because of the conflict, many ethnic Germans were later expelled from Eastern Europe.
Japan was responsible for attacking neutral nations without a declaration of warsuch as the bombing of Pearl Harbor. It is also known for its brutal treatment and killing of Allied prisoners of war and the inhabitants of Asia. It also used Asians as forced laborers and was responsible for the Nanking massacre wherecivilians in the city were brutally murdered by Japanese troops.
Non-combatants suffered at least as badly as or worse than combatantsand the distinction between combatants and non-combatants was often blurred by belligerents of total war in both conflicts. The United States became firmly established as the dominant global superpower, along with its ideological foe, the Soviet Union, in close competition.
The modern international security, economic, and diplomatic system was created in the aftermath of the wars. The wars had also greatly changed the course of daily life. Technologies developed during wartime had a profound effect on peacetime life as well, such as by advances in jet aircraftpenicillinnuclear energyand electronic computers.
Other global conflicts[ edit ] See also:Selected Highlights.
Countdown to War. Read a single page summary of the origins of the First World War - the tangled secret alliances, the royal feuds, the personalities and the seemingly inevitable series of events in June and July which culminated in the oubreak of hostilities spanning four years.
How it Began - Introduction If you are new to the First World War - or are rusty after many years since history class - the reasons for the so-called 'Great War' can be shrouded in confusion.
The First World War created the modern world. A conflict of unprecedented ferocity, it abruptly ended the relative peace and prosperity of the Victorian era, unleashing such demons of the twentieth century as mechanized warfare and mass death/5(). 75% of all men who died in World War 1 were killed by artillery.
The largest battle of the World War 1 – the Battle of the Somme – is known as one of the bloodiest battles in history. war play: a state of usually open and declared armed hostile conflict between states or nations: a period of such armed conflict.
Those cautions considered, The First World War is a welcome addition to the literature of the first modern total war. Its ten chapters are more thematic than chronological, lending to a more complete appreciation for aspects of the World War I that are typically left unexamined by other authors.4/5().