When writing a diagnostic statement using the Problem-etiology-symptom PES method, we are conveying a lot of information to our colleagues. We start with the diagnosis itself, followed by the etiologic factors related factors in an actual diagnosis. In the case of risk and health promotion diagnoses, no etiologic factors apply, so we identify risk factors that predispose a patient to a potential problem for risk diagnoses, or evidence that suggests a potential for health promotion Defining characteristics for a health promotion diagnosis. Anxiety related to situational crises and stress related factors as evidenced by restlessness, insomnia, anguish and anorexia defining characteristics.
Causes of Upper Back Pain in Women on May 31, If you have been sitting for long hours in front of the computer, typing your way through a report, or if you have been bending over a sheet of paper as you sketch or write, you would know how painful a back pain is. But there are more causes of back pain other than simple posture.
In women alone, there are quite a number of causes that can be attributed to back pain. Furthermore, there are different reasons depending on the part of the back that is affected.
So, what causes upper back pain in women? Upper back pain Back pain is the pain felt in the back. Everything from muscle pain, nerves, joints, bones, and other structures in the spine can be attributed to back pain.
Back pain, also called dorsalgia, can be further categorized depending on the area or region of the back where the pain is felt. One is upper back pain.
Upper back pain is the pain or discomfort in the upper area of the back. The area includes the back side of the upper abdominal area, the thoracic chest area, the shoulder blades and the where the rib cage connects to the thoracic spine.
The upper back is also known as the thoracic spine or the middle back. Causes of upper back pain in women The most common cause of upper back pain is due to poor posture or strain over time. In recent years, more and more people complain of back pain when they work at computers for long hours of the day.
Majority of the upper back pain cases are due to one or both of the two causes: This is also referred to as myofascial pain.
This is when the large muscles attaching the shoulder girdle to the scapula and the thoracic ribcage are strained, overused, or de-conditioned. Muscle strains, accidents, sports, and other injuries can all result to muscular irritation, leading to upper back pain.
This is when there is a dysfunction in the joints connecting the ribs with the vertebrae in the thoracic spine. The dysfunction can lead to upper back pain.
Other causes of upper back pain are less common to occur.
Take for example, herniated discs. Rarely is the upper back affected by the disc diseases like herniated disc and degenerated disc. Significant impact or trauma to the spine can also lead to a fracture in the vertebrae. Upper back pain may also be caused by arthritis. It is true that most arthritis occur in the knees and other joints.
But it can also cause upper back pain as arthritis is any inflammation of the joints and the spine is composed of a number of vertebrae attached at joints.
Osteoporosis is another possible cause of upper back pain. Osteoporosis is when the bones lose density or when there is a degeneration of the bone tissues.
The loss of bone density could lead to serious problems and poor structural stability. There are two type of osteoporosis. Type I usually develops in postmenopausal women. Type II is more common and affects both men and women.
As people age, calcium and phosphate is depleted as these minerals are absorbed back into the body.
And this lowers the bone density. Upper back pain is one of the symptoms of this disease. Pregnancy is another cause of back pain in women. It usually just affects the lower back but the pain may spread to the upper area. During pregnancy, there are a lot of changes going on.
The uterus expands and the added weight of the baby puts your muscles into more work and stresses your joints further.From practical advice on grammar to tips, tricks, and common pitfalls when co-authoring papers, Write it Up is an absolute must-have for any scientific or academic seeking to build their reputation through published journal articles.
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