This reading list includes those books that I have found provide useful insights in my religious education praxis, as well as books that have some currency in liberal religious circles today. I have included my own comments on why I have found these books useful in order to help you decide which books you may wish to read. Originally published on the Web in January,
James Fowler contributed to this area of study by devising a seven-stage faith development model which draws heavily on these previous developmental models. The faith development model has been widely used in a range of applied settings and has inspired a substantial number of related studies.
It is argued that the model has serious flaws when used as a psychosocial and cognitive explanation of religious faith.
Faith describes the underlying meaning-making process used by all people regardless of their beliefs Coyle, In other words, the stages are applicable to everyone and one must complete the preceding stage before advancing to the next stage.
The first stage of primal faith emerges in the very first months of life. In the second stage of intuitive-projection in early childhood, the child acquires language and engages in a high level of imagination and fantasy. Not yet controlled by logical thinking, the child has little capacity to separate fantasy from fact Einstein, Representations of God begin to form based on experiences with parents and other adults who were significant in their childhood.
In the third stage of mythical-literal development, the child begins to think logically concrete-operational thinking and is able to discern fact from fantasy. Children in this stage begin to take on the content of faith from a wider range of authority figures than previously, including their parents, significant adults, teachers and religious leaders Einstein, The fourth stage of synthetic-conventional typically emerges in early adolescence and signifies the beginning of the ability to use abstract ideas and concepts to understand the world around them formal operational thinking.
In this stage, the individual utilises logical reasoning, abstract thinking and problem solving full formal operational thinking and assumes responsibility for their own beliefs and values. The individual in this stage no longer relies on others for authority on faith values and beliefs but has fully internalised their own faith Einstein, The seventh stage of universalising is rarely attained.
Other studies have applied the model as a framework to explain the faith development of specific individuals e. Although the model is widely used, there are serious criticisms over many of its aspects.
Each of these criticisms will be discussed and it is argued that these represent serious flaws in the faith development model. As a structural theory, it is assumed that faith development unfolds in a uniform way across universal, hierarchical and irreversible stages Day, Psychological research suggests that development involves much more fluidity and a rigid stage-like theory is limited in its ability to capture the richness and diversity of religious development Coyle, ; Heywood, Acceptance of other beliefs and content apart from Christian tenets is seen from the Christian viewpoint as idolatry Avery, If faith is a reflection of a cognitive and psychological achievement, this suggests limitations on the power of God to assist individuals.
Critics also suggest that the faith developmental model reduces faith to a cognitive and psychological process without acknowledging that God may work in ways that cannot be observed or analysed by psychoanalytic procedures McDargh, Jul 12, · Fowler’s faith development model has seven stages based on the developmental models of Piaget, Erikson and Kohlberg and other theorists (see Fowler, ; Fowler, ; Fowler, ; Fowler, ).
One of the most important characteristics of the model is Fowler’s definition of “faith”. Spiritual Formation and Growth throughout the Lifespan Spiritual Formation and Growth throughout the Lifespan Abstract In this paper we have considered the main theories about the spiritual development and growth that are presented by well-know theorists including Piaget, Fowler and Kohlberg.
Spiritual Formation and Growth throughout the Lifespan Abstract In this paper we have considered the main theories about the spiritual development and growth that are presented by well-know theorists including Piaget, Fowler and Kohlberg.
Responding to critiques of Piaget, Erikson, Kohlberg, and Fowler (including Gilligan's charge of gender bias), Kegan proposes a developmental stage theory across the lifespan, incorporating psychosocial and other aspects of development.
Kohlberg Fowler And Piaget Spiritual Development Across The Lifespan SPIRITUAL FORMATION THROUGHOUT THE LIFESPAN BY SOMMER BARNES LIBERTY UNIVERSITY ONLINE Abstract In this research paper, I will try to illustrate my hypothesis of spiritual formation throughout the lifespan by using my interpretation of a collection .
CHAPTER 9 SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT Hope Haslam Straughan Kohlberg, and Fowler () stages of faith development across the lifespan will be utilized as a point of reference for a discussion of spirituality as it relates to Erikson’s and Kohlberg’s research.