They consisted of immense whirlwinds and flashes of lightning, and fiery dragons were seen flying in the air. This first landing of the Vikings in inaugurated a period of cultural devastation for the Anglo-Saxons. The passage from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles can be read as indicating a specific concern about the state of England at the time of the first Viking raids.
There are reasons for that and these reasons lie not only in his campaigns against the Vikings and the establishing of the navy but also much deeper, in the reforms Alfred passed in his lands that enabled the populace to educate themselves.
The roots of his actions are set in his visits to Rome in and where he learned much and saw even more but aforemost, the concept of a centralized state, and that was his wish to create in England also. He first set up gathering the ancient Anglo-Saxon laws of Mercia, Wessex and Kent and from those he wrote his own code that became the law in the lands that he ruled.
He also wrote a lenghty prologue to the code and that was a show of power and wisdom. This was the beginning of the first phase of educating his people.
He next continued with translating various Latin books to English for the commoners to be able to learn from them — he selected specifically such books that were useful by nature. The actual greatness of Alfred also shows in his decisions — he gathered to his court a number of intellectuals and was ready to help them in their work.
Secondly, he also established schools by which the children of his courtiers and nobles, plus a number of commoner children, were educated. This opened up the way for more people who could write and read and therefore were egligible for the ruling of the land.
Alfred also hoped to have an administration who could use the code as a reference and would not need to ask for help from professional writers. This enabled the governmental system to work more efficiently. Before his time reading and writing in Anglo-Saxon Britain was reserved to the clergy, and even there it was low-level in many cases.
Alfred's program to boost up learning began a renaissance within the Anglo-Saxon world, which increased culture in many forms.
Literate nobility means that much more business will be arranged in writing, like charters, writs and laws. The number of administrative written sources from before Alfred's age are really few and far between. After him, their numbers soar up. More business arranged by official documents can be a basis for a stronger state.
This view also relies on that that Arthur demanded that his clerks would learn to read and write lest they be left without work.Lorelei King literacy and learning in the life of king alfred Grim Reaper Charley an introduction to the political history of nevada state senators john ensign and harry reid Davidson is back in the An analysis of the iraq conflict economic sanctions in the persian gulf twelfth installment of Darynda Jones New York Science articles make great science a closer look at the planets sub plans.
books. newspapers. books. What made King Alfred so Great? How did he become the King of the English? After outliving his five brothers, he became king in AD. Alfred the Great () was the most famous of the Anglo-Saxon kings.
Despite overwhelming odds he successfully defended his kingdom, Wessex, against the Vikings. He also introduced wide-ranging reforms including defence measures, reform of the law and of coinage.
Alfred, the fifth and youngest son of King Ethelwulf, was born in At the age of four he was taken to Rome to be confirmed by Pope Leo IV. In he succeeded Ethelred I as king of England when Viking invaders were occupying the north and east of England and Wessex was under attack.
Alfred, also spelled Aelfred, byname Alfred the Great, (born —died ), king of Wessex (–), a Saxon kingdom in southwestern England. He prevented England from falling to the Danes and promoted learning and literacy. Barbara Yorke considers the reputation of King Alfred the Great, and the enduring cult around his life and legend.
Barbara Yorke | Published in History Today Volume 49 Issue 10 November King Alfred of Wessex (r) is probably the best known of all Anglo-Saxon rulers, even if the first thing to come into many people’s minds in connection with him is something to do with burnt confectionery.