Organized for literary and cultural purposes more than for political ends, the Propagandists, who included upper-class Filipinos from all the lowland Christian areas, strove to "awaken the sleeping intellect of the Spaniard to the needs of our country" and to create a closer, more equal association of the islands and the motherland. Among their specific goals were representation of the Philippines in the Cortes, or Spanish parliament; secularization of the clergy; legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality; creation of a public school system independent of the friars; abolition of the polo labor service and vandala forced sale of local products to the government ; guarantee of basic freedoms of speech and association; and equal opportunity for Filipinos and Spanish to enter government service.
Indosphere and Indian culture In pre-Islamic times, the political leadership office was vested in a Rajaship in Manila and a Datuship elsewhere in the Philippines. In the later part of the s, the Spaniards took possession of most of Luzon and the Visayas, converting the lowland population to Christianity from their local indigenous religion.
But although Spain eventually established footholds in northern and eastern Mindanao and the Zamboanga Peninsulaits armies failed to colonise the rest of Mindanao.
This area was populated by Islamised peoples " Moros " to the Spaniards and by many non-Muslim indigenous groups now known as Lumad peoples. The titles Datu and Rajah however, predates the coming of Islam. These titles were assimilated into the new structure under Islam.
Datus were supported by their tribes. In return for tribute and labor, the datu provided aid in emergencies and advocacy in disputes with other communities and warfare through the Agama and Maratabat laws.
During the Spanish colonization of the Archipelago, the Datus of Moro Principalities in Mindanao and Sulu gave a very strong and effective resistance to the Catholicism of that southern Island, and were able to successfully defend their identity and Islamic faith for over years.
Heavy migration to Mindanao of Visayans, who have been settling in the Island for centuries, spurred by government-sponsored resettlement programmes, turned the Lumads into minorities. A datu is still basic to the smooth functioning of Lumad and Moro societies today.
They have continued to act as the community leaders in their respective tribes among a variety of Indigenous peoples in Mindanao. Moros, Lumads and Visayans now share with new settlers a homeland in Mindanao. In more affluent and powerful territorial jurisdictions and principalities in Visayas, e.
These Datus had acquired rights to the same advantages from their legal "Timawa" or vassals Second Orderwho bind themselves to the Datu as his seafaring warriors.
They had a portion of the Datu's blood in their veins. The above-mentioned Boxer Codex calls these " Timawas ": The Spanish conquistador, Miguel de Loarca, described them as "free men, neither chiefs nor slaves". In the late s, the Spanish Jesuit priest Fr.
Francisco Ignatio Alcina, classified them as the third rank of nobility nobleza. Meanwhile, the Datus keep their marriageable daughters secluded for protection and prestige.
The different type of culture prevalent in Luzon gave a less stable and more complex social structure to the pre-colonial Tagalog barangays of Manila, Pampanga and Laguna. Enjoying a more extensive commerce than those in Visayas, having the influence of Bornean political contacts, and engaging in farming wet rice for a living, the Tagalogs were described by the Spanish Augustinian Friar Martin de Rada as more traders than warriors.
In this society, the term Datu or Lakanor Apo refers to the chief, but the noble class to which the Datu belonged, or could come from was the Maginoo Class.
One could be born a Maginoo, but could become a 'Datu by personal achievement. In the middle of the seventeenth century, the Jesuit missionary Francisco Colin made an attempt to give an approximate comparison of the social stratification in Tagalog culture with that in the Visayan culture.
While social mobility was possible in the former, in the Visayas, the Datu if had the personality and economic means could retain and restrain competing peers, relatives, and offspring from moving up the social ladder.Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas por el Doctor Antonio de Morga.
Obra publicada en Mejico en el año de , nuevamente sacada a luz y anotada por Jose Rizal, y precedida de un prologo del prof. Fernando Blumentritt.
Pagsusuri sa mga Anotasyon ni Jose Rizal sa Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas ni Antonio de Morga A. Ang Sucesose de las Islas Filipinas at si Antonio de Morga The greatness of the monarchy of the Spanish kings is due to the zeal and care with which they have defended, within their own hereditary kingdoms, the holy Catholic faith taught by the.
Antonio de Morga  Spanish conquistador, governmental official, and historical anthropologist; author of Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas (Events in the Philippine Islands). Rizal's Morga and Views of Philippine History entire first edition of Morga's Sucpsos de las islas Filipinas, annotating it along the way, confident that Antonio Regidor, a wealthy coun- copying, editing, and annotation of the Sucesos Rizal had a finished.
PHILIPPINE STUDIES manuscript but no publisher. Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas por el Doctor Antonio de Morga. Obra publicada en Mejico en el año de , nuevamente sacada a luz y anotada por Jose Rizal, y . Rizal's annotation of Sucesos De Las Islas Filipinas What is Sucesos De Las Islas Filipinas?
it is one of the important works on the early history of the Spanish colonization of the Philippines pulished in Mexico in by Antonio de Morga.