Hong Kong Japan Source: Adapted from information in Denissen, J. Self-esteem reactions to social interactions:
Extraversion Openness to experience To get a high score on these parameters the person must have the following characteristics or behavior. To get a high score on conscientiousness, the person has to be dependable, hardworking, organized, self-disciplined, persistent and responsible.
To get a high score on emotional stability, the person has to be normally calm, secure, happy and unworried. To get a high score on agreeableness, the person has to be cooperative, warm, caring, good-natured, courteous and trusting.
To get a high score on openness to experience, the person has to be curious, flexible, creative, imaginative, artistically sensitive, open to other cultures and open to intellectual discussions.
These big Five dimensions have to managed by the managers appropriately in a leadership or managerial situation to get favorable outcomes. These four traits are extraversion-introversion, sensing-intuiting, thinking-feeling, and judging-perceiving.
Extraversion and introversion are related to feeling energetic and comfortable. Extraverts are more energetic in groups. Sensing and intuiting are related to collecting information for solving a problem. People who prefer sensing look into the specifics of situation, want concrete evidence and facts, go into details and are practical persons.
People who prefer intuition look into possibilities, are satisfied with general description of the situation, use abstract and theoretical ideas.
Thinking and feeling are related to evaluation of alternatives for decision making. People who prefer thinking are analytical, they follow a set of rules, use their head or brain and are more inclined to judge based on the evidence.
Persons who show the traits of judging are organized, structured, time oriented and decisive people. Persons who show traits of perceiving are seen more as flexible persons who explore things spontaneously and are open ended with behavior. Socialization Nurture is socialization.
Personality development is influenced by socialization. If a person has low self-esteem and not confident about his thinking ability, he likely to fear decision making and may not be able to assert himself in interpersonal relations.
Socialization Schein has advocated that organizations must have socialization process. The socialization process helps in changing attitudes, values and behaviors. It ensures continuity and consistency of behavior of various persons of the organization. It will facilitate adjustment to new jobs, work groups and new practices.
The early period of socialization of new recruits is a critical period.
Timely and consistent feedback 3. Initial work under good supervisors 4. A orientation program 5. Socialization in high morale work groups. Challenging jobs in the early part of career. Deliberate and well designed socialization programs do have tremendous potential impact on the personality development of members of an organization within the organization personality development after they have joined the organization.
Attitude An attitude can be defined as a persistent tendency to feel and behave in a particular way toward some object. Attitudes have three components: Behavior can be observed, but the feelings and belief which give rise to the behavior cannot be observed. There are four functions that attitudes have in this process: Changing Attitudes Attitudes can be changed.
But it is sometimes difficult to change attitudes. There are two important barriers. One reason is prior commitments. A second is insufficient information on the part of the person having an attitude to be changed.
Fear also helps in changing attitudes. There are some instances, where or when an individual may be in stage of forming attitude or belief.
Organizations can provide appropriate information and create appropriate situation to develop desirable attitudes at that point of time. Traditionally the most important attitude studied and given concern in the real world is job satisfaction.
More simply stated, it an attitude toward the job.Personality, attitude, and perception of people, there is no doubt, can be principally viewed as the determinants of which understand people’s behavior and create effective and efficient work groups.
(Even though this is more of an attitude than it is a behaviour its still a very important as it influences behaviour) Research has shown that these behaviours are affected by attitudes, personality, perception and learning.
The difference between perception and attitude is that perception is the use of the mind or the senses to comprehend or understanding a person's surroundings while attitude is the person's actual feeling or way of thinking about something or . Personality, attitude, and self-esteem comprise the nutrient-rich soil required for our human relations skills to grow.
Our personality is how we see the world, . Personality, perception and attitudes 1. Personality, Perception, and Attribution 2. Variables Influencing Individual Behavior P The Person• Skills & abilities E The Environment • Personality • Organization • Perceptions • Work group • Attitudes • Job •Values • Personal life • Ethics B Behavior B = f(P,E).
Attitude, Personality, Perception Essay organizational activities. Personality, attitude, and perception of people, there is no doubt, can be principally viewed as the determinants of which understand people’s behavior and create effective and efficient work groups.