She earned an unfavorable reputation during her age, but as the lover of the Roman emperors Julius Caesar —44 B. Her family could be traced back to the Macedonian house of the Lagid Ptolemies, who took the throne after the death of Alexander the Great — B. Fifteen consecutive Egyptian rulers from the house of Ptolemy led Egypt, beginning in B.
Entering Alexandria as an unpopular conqueror, Caesar restored the throne to the equally unpopular Cleopatra and her younger brother Ptolemy XIV then 13 years old.
Caesar remained in Egypt with Cleopatra for a time, and around 47 B. Sometime in B. After Caesar was murdered in March 44 B.
By this point, Cleopatra had strongly identified herself with the goddess Isis, the sister-wife of Osiris and mother of Horus. This was consistent with the ancient Egyptian tradition of associating royalty with divinity in order to reinforce the position of kings and queens.
Still, unreliable flooding of the Nile resulted in failing crops, leading to inflation and hunger. Both sides asked for Egyptian support, and after some stalling Cleopatra sent four Roman legions stationed in Egypt by Caesar to support the triumvirate.
According to the story recorded by Plutarch and later dramatized famously by William ShakespeareCleopatra sailed to Tarsus in an elaborate ship, dressed in the robes of Isis. Antony, who associated himself with the Greek deity Dionysus, was seduced by her charms.
Cleopatra returned to Egypt, followed shortly thereafter by Antony, who left behind his third wife, Fulvia, and their children in Rome. He spent the winter of B.
Antony again met with Cleopatra to obtain funds for his long-delayed military campaign against the kingdom of Parthia. They again became lovers, and Cleopatra gave birth to another son, Ptolemy Philadelphos, in 36 B.
In a public celebration in 34 B. In late 32 B. Defeat and Death On September 2, 31 B. He fell on his sword, and died just as news arrived that the rumor had been false. On August 12, 30 B.
The means of her death is uncertain, but Plutarch and other writers advanced the theory that she used a poisonous snake known as the asp, a symbol of divine royalty.Often known simply as Cleopatra, this ruler of Egypt, Cleopatra VII Philopater, was the last Pharaoh of Egypt, last of the Ptolemy dynasty of Egyptian regardbouddhiste.com is also known for her relationships to Julius Caesar and to Marc Antony.
Cleopatra VII was the last ruler of Egypt from the house of the Ptolemy, a family that had ruled Egypt for generations. She earned an unfavorable reputation during her age, but as the lover of the Roman emperors Julius Caesar (–44 B.C.E.) and, later, Mark Antony (c.
81–30 B.C.E.), Cleopatra has become a romantic legend in modern times.
The early life of Cleopatra VII (r. 51 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) of Ptolemaic Egypt began with her birth in early 69 BC to reigning pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes and an unknown mother, and lasted until her accession to the throne by March 51 BC.
Cleopatra VII was born in October in the year of 69 BC. Her family were the Ptolemies; the Ptolemies ruled Egypt for more than years.
Her father was Ptolemy XII Auletes, and her mother was Ptolemy XII's cousin, Cleopatra V Tryphaena. The early life of Cleopatra VII (r. 51 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) of Ptolemaic Egypt began with her birth in early 69 BC to reigning pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes and an unknown mother, and lasted until her accession to the throne by March 51 BC.
Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt: a detailed fact based biography of Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt, the last of the Egyptian pharaohs. This page covers her early life up to an including the early years of her reign before she met Julius Caesar.