The "dark triad" of three personality traits: Sometimes called "dark personality.
Tendermindedness Deliberation It is important to keep in mind that each of the big five traits represent a range between two extreme personality traits.
For instance, neuroticism signifies a continuum between extreme neuroticism and extreme emotional stability. Similarly, what these five traits suggest is that most people fall under one of these categories.
An average person lies somewhere between the two polar ends of each dimension.
Openness to Experience Openness suggests characteristics that include having broad range of interests and willing to try out even most unusual ideas. They are intellectually curious, sensitive to beauty, and tend to Triarchic theory of intelligence unconventional beliefs.
On the other hand, people with low score on openness tend to be more straightforward and prefer familiarity rather than novelty. They are rather conservative with no desire of changing. If a person is open to traveling new places spontaneously, he can be considered open to new experiences.
Conscientiousness People with higher score on conscientiousness tend to be self disciplined, dutiful and prefer planned behavior to a spontaneous one. Lack of conscientiousness refers to a personality trait exactly in contrast. They refer to opposite kinds of behaviors.
If a person is highly self disciplined, say he always does his chores done right away, he can be called conscientious. Reverse, the person always procrastinates and tend to make a mess of things. Extraversion People with high score on extraversion gain energy when exposed to the external world.
They tend to be action-oriented, enthusiastic, visible to people, and are capable of asserting themselves. People low on the trait is classified as Introverts, who tend to be exactly opposite to extraverts.
They tend to be low-key, less involved in the social world, and like to keep to themselves. A person with extraversion characteristics loves going out and is generally life of the parties.
Agreeableness People with high score on this trait are trustworthy, helpful, kind, considerate, generous and do not hesitate to compromise their interests with others. Self interest is the key for people with low interest on agreeableness.
Those with high disagreeableness are not willing to compromise their interests with others and can be considered unfriendly. If a person takes time out of his busy schedule at work to meet a friend for lunch, he is agreeable.
A classic example would be Sherlock Holmes. Neuroticism The tendency to experience anger, depression, anxiety and other forms of negative emotions are seen in people with high score on neuroticism. It is also called emotional instability.
It is similar to being neurotic in the Freudian sense. The opposite polar dimension of neuroticism is emotional stability.
People low on neuroticism is seen to have contrast characteristics that make them calm, stable emotionally and free from negative feelings. If a person can handle criticisms and gloomy environments calmly, such people receive low score on neuroticism.
Big Five Factors Model of Personality Research Studies have found that the big 5 factors theory of personality is universal. Research conducted from above 50 different cultures showed that these five dimensions of personality could be used to describe personality traits of people in general, regardless of their upbringing environment.
Large numbers of psychologists now believe that not only these dimensions common universally, but they also share biological origins. Another fundamental aspect to keep informed about these personality traits is that there is a good chance these personality traits might not occur together.This lesson will help you understand the triarchic theory and the three types of intelligence proposed by Robert Sternberg: analytical, creative, and practical.
The triarchic theory of intelligence was formulated by Robert Sternberg in the s. The theory attempts to understand the human intelligence in terms of distinct components rather than a single ability.
This site includes biographical profiles of people who have influenced the development of intelligence theory and testing, in-depth articles exploring current controversies related to human intelligence, and resources for teachers.
Robert Sternberg: Triarchic Theory of Intelligence Psychologist Robert Sternberg defined intelligence as "mental activity directed toward purposive adaptation to, selection, and shaping of real-world environments relevant to one's life.". The triarchic theory describes three distinct types of intelligence that a person can possess.
Sternberg calls these three types practical intelligence, creative intelligence, and analytical. First published in , this book presents a 'triarchic' theory of human intelligence that goes beyond IQ in its conceptualisation and implications for assessment.